Coppett Hill
Coppett Hill

Natural History: Flora: Plants & Flowers

The varying geology of Coppett Hill gives a wide range of vascular plants with the Autumn Crocus occuring where the limestone breaks through to the surface on the Ridge Path and to the east of the Hill. The area around the limekilns is rich alkaline grassland and has many orchids in the late spring.

Plants identified by Herefordshire Botanical Society 2004

Bluebells in Rocklands Wood
Herb Paris - an ancient woodland marker

 

 

Common Name

Latin Name

 
 

Alternate-leaved golden-saxifrage

Chrysosplenium alternifolium

 

Agrinomy

Agrimonia eupatoria

 

Annual meadow-grass

Poa annua

 

Autumn gentian

Gentianella amarella

 

Autumn hawkbit

Leontodon autumnalis

 

Barren strawberry

Potentilla sterilis

 

Bearded couch

Elymus caninus

 

Bee orchid

Ophrys apifera

 

Bellflower species

Campanula sp.

 

Bent-grass species

Agrostis sp.

 

Bilberry

Vaccinium myrtillus

 

Bird’s-nest orchid

Neottia nidus-avis

 

Bittersweet

Solanum dulcamara

 

Bitter vetch

Lathyrus montanus

 

Black bryony

Tamus communis

 

Black knapweed

Centaurea nigra

 

Black medick

Medicago lupulina

 

Black mustard

Brassica nigra

 

Black nightshade

Solanum nigrum

 

Bluebell

Hyacinthoides nonscriptus

 

Bracken

Pteridium aquilinum

 

Bramble

Rubus fruticosus

 

Branched bur-reed

Sparganium erectum

 

Broad buckler fern

Dryopteris dilatata

 

Broad-leaved dock

Rumex obtusifolius

 

Broad-leaved helleborine

Epipactis helleborine

 

Broad-leaved willowherb

Epilobium montanum

 

Brooklime

Veronica beccabunga

 

Burnet-saxifrage

Pimpinellasaxifragia

 

Bush vetch

Vicia sepium

 

Carline thistle

Carlina vulgaris

 

Common Name

Latin Name

 
 

Cleavers

Galium aparine

 

Cock’s-foot

Dactylis glomerata

 

Colt’s-foot

Tussilago farfara

 

Columbine

Aquilegia vulgaris

 

Common bent-grass

Agrostis capillaris

 

Common bird’s-foot-trefoil

Lotus corniculatus

 

Common cat’s-ear

Hypochoeris radicata

 

Common centaury

Centaurium erythraea

 

Common chickweed

Stellaria media

 

Common comfrey

Symphytum officinale

 

Common dog-violet

Viola riviniana

 

Common eyebright

Euphrasia nemorosa

 

Common field speedwell

Veronica persica

 

Common figwort

Scrophularia nodosa

 

Common fumitory

Fumaria officinalis

 

Common hemp-nettle

Galeopsis tetrahit

 

Common milkwort

Polygala vulgaris

 

Common mouse-ear

Cerastium holosteoides

 

Common nettle

Urtica dioica

 

Common polypody

Polypodium vulgare

 

Common quaking-grass

Briza media

 

Common ragwort

Senecio jacobaea

 

Common Solomon’s-seal

Polygonatum multiflorum

 

Common sorrel

Rumex acetosa

 

Common spotted orchid

Dactylorhiza fuchsia

 

Common toadflax

Linaria vulgaris

 

Common twayblade

Listera ovata

 

Common valerian

Valeriana officinalis

 

Common vetch

Vicia sativa

 

Compact rush

Juncus conglomeratus

 

Corn mint

Mentha arvensis

 

Cow parsley

Anthriscus sylvestris

 

Cowslip

Primula veris

 

 

 

 
 

Creeping bent-grass

Agrostis stolonifera

 

Creeping buttercup

Ranunculus repens

 

Creeping cinquefoil

Potentilla reptans

 

Creeping soft-grass

Holcus mollis

 

Creeping thistle

Cirsium arvense

 

Creeping yellow-cress

Rorippa sylvestris

 

Crested dog’s-tail

Cynosurus cristatus

 

Crosswort

Galium cruciata

 

Cuckooflower

Cardamine pratensis

 

Curled dock

Rumex crispus

 

Cut-leaved crane’s-bill

Geranium dissectum

 

Daisy

Bellis perennis

 

Dandelion

Taraxacum officinale

 

Dewberry

Rubus caesius

 

Dog’s-mercury

Mercurialis perennis

 

Dove’s-foot crane’s-bill

Geranium molle

 

Downy oat-grass

Avenula pubescens

 

Early hair-grass

Aira praecox

 

Early-purple orchid

Orchis mascula

 

Enchanter’s-nightshade

Circaea lutetiana

 

Equal-leaved knotgrass

Polygonum arenastrum

 

Fairy flax

Linum catharticum

 

False brome

Brachypodium sylvaticum

 

False oat-grass

Arrhenatherum elatius

 

Fat-hen

Chenopodium album

 

Field bindweed

Convolvulus arvensis

 

Field forget-me-not

Myosotis arvensis

 

Field horsetail

Equisetum arvense

 

Field madder

Sherardia arvensis

 

Field wood-rush

Luzula campestris

 

Flowering-rush

Butomus umbellatus

 

Foxglove

Digitalis purpurea

 

Fragrant orchid

Gymnadenia conopsea

 

Common Name

Latin Name

 
 

Garlic mustard

Alliaria petiolata

 

Germander speedwell

Veronica chamaedrys

 

Giant bellflower

Campanula latifolia

 

Gipsywort

Lycopus europaeus

 

Glaucous sedge

Carex flacca

 

Great mullein

Verbascum thapsus

 

Great willowherb

Epilobium hirsutum

 

Great wood-rush

Luzula sylvatica

 

Greater bird’s-foot-trefoil

Lotus pendunculatus

 

Greater butterfly orchid

Platanthera chlorantha

 

Greater celandine

Chelidonium majus

 

Greater chickweed

Stellaria neglecta

 

Greater plantain

Plantago major

 

Greater stitchwort

Stellaria holostea

 

Green alkanet

Pentaglottis sempervirens

 

Green-flowered helleborine

Epipactis phyllanthes

 

Grey sedge

Carex divulsa

 

Groundsel

Senecio vulgaris

 

Ground-elder

Aegopodium podagraria

 

Ground ivy

Glechoma hederacea

 

Hairy bitter-cress

Cardamine hirsuta

 

Hairy sedge

Carex hirta

 

Hairy St John’s-wort

Hypericum hirsutum

 

Hairy tare

Vicia hirsuta

 

Hairy violet

Viola hirta

 

Hairy wood-rush

Luzula pilosa

 

Hard fern

Blechnum spicant

 

Hard rush

Juncus inflexus

 

Hard shield fern

Polystichum aculeatum

 

Harebell

Campanula rotundifolia

 

Hart’s-tongue

Phyllitis scolopendrium

 

Hawkweed species

Hieracium sp.

 

Heath bedstraw

Galium saxatile

 

Common Name

Latin Name

 
 

Heath speedwell

Veronica officinalis

 

Heath milkwort

Polygala serpyllifolia

 

Heath wood-rush

Luzula multiflora

 

Heather

Calluna vulgaris

 

Hedge bedstraw

Galium mollugo

 

Hedge bindweed

Calystegia sepium

 

Hedge mustard

Sisymbrium officinale

 

Hedge woundwort

Stachys sylvatica

 

Hemlock

Conium maculatum

 

Hemlock water-dropwort

Oenanthe crocata

 

Hemp-agrinomy

Eupatorium cannabinum

 

Herb-robert

Geranium robertianum

 

Himalayan balsam

Impatiens glandulifera

 

Hoary plantain

Plantago media

 

Hogweed

Heracleum sphondylium

 

Honeysuckle

Lonicera periclynemum

 

Hop trefoil

Trifolium campestre

 

Imperforate St John’s-wort

Hypericum maculatum

 

Iris species

Iris sp.

 

Ivy

Hedera helix

 

Ivy-leaved speedwell

Veronica hederifolia

 

Ivy-leaved toadflax

Cymbalaria muralis

 

Japanese knotweed

Fallopia japonica

 

Knotgrass

Polygonum aviculare

 

Lady fern

Athyrium filix-femina

 

Lady’s bedstraw

Galium verum

 

Large bindweed

Calystegia sylvatica

 

Lesser burdock

Arctium minus

 

Lesser celandine

Ranunculus ficaria

 

Lesser hawkbit

Leontodon taraxacoides

 

Lesser pond sedge

Carex acutiformis

 

Lesser stitchwort

Stellaria graminea

 

Lesser trefoil

Trifolium dubium

 

Common Name

Latin Name

 
 

Leopard’s-bane

Doronicum pardalianches

 

Lords-and-Ladies

Arum maculatum

 

Maidenhair spleenwort

Asplenium trichomanes

 

Male fern

Dryopteris filix-mas

 

Marjoram

Origanum vulgare

 

Marsh thistle

Cirsium palustre

 

Meadow buttercup

Ranunculus acris

 

Meadow saffron

Colchicum autumnale

 

Meadow vetchling

Lathyrus pratensis

 

Meadowsweet

Filipendula ulmaria

 

Mouse-ear hawkweed

Pilosella officinarum

 

Mugwort

Artemisia vulgaris

 

Narrow-leaved water-plantain

Alisma lanceolatum

 

Navelwort

Umbilicus rupestris

 

Nipplewort

Lapsana communis

 

Pale St John’s-wort

Hypericum montanum

 

Parsley-piert

Aphanes arvensis

 

Pearly everlasting

Anaphalis margaritacea

 

Pendulous sedge

Carex pendula

 

Perennial rye-grass

Lolium perenne

 

Perforate St John’s-wort

Hypericum perforatum

 

Pignut

Conopodium majus

 

Pill sedge

Carex pilulifera

 

Pink purslane

Montia sibirica

 

Ploughman’s-spikenard

Inula conyza

 

Prickly sow-thistle

Sonchus asper

 

Primrose

Primula vulgaris

 

Procumbent pearlwort

Sagina procumbens

 

Purple-loosestrife

Lythrum salicaria

 

Pyramidal orchid

Anacamptis pyramidalis

 

Ramsons

Allium ursinum

 

Red bartasia

Odontites verna

 

Red bistort

Persicaria amplexicaulis

 

Common Name

Latin Name

 
 

Red campion

Silene dioica

 

Red clover

Trifolium pratense

 

Red dead-nettle

Lamium purpureum

 

Red fesue

Festuca rubra

 

Reed canary-grass

Phalaris arundinacea

 

Remote sedge

Carex remota

 

Ribwort plantain

Plantago lanceolata

 

Rosebay willowherb

Chamaenerion angustifolium

 

Rose-of-Sharon

Hypericum calycinum

 

Rough hawkbit

Leontodon hispidus

 

Rough meadow-grass

Poa trivialis

 

Round-leaved mint

Mentha rotundifolia

 

Rustyback

Ceterach officinarum

 

Sanicle

Sanicula europaea

 

Scaly male fern

Dryopteris affinis

 

Scentless mayweed

Tripleurospermum maritimum ssp. Inodorum

 

Selfheal

Prunella vulgaris

 

Sheep’s fecue

Festuca ovina

 

Sheep’s sorrel

Rumex acetosella

 

Shepherd’s-purse

Capsella bursa-pastoris

 

Silverweed

Potentilla anserina

 

Slender rush

Juncus tenuis

 

Slender St John’s-wort

Hypericum pulchrum

 

Smooth hawk’s-beard

Crepis capillaris

 

Smooth meadow-grass

Poa pratensis

 

Smooth sow-thistle

Sonchus oleraceus

 

Sneezewort

Achillea ptarmica

 

Soft brome

Bromus hordeaceus

 

Soft rush

Juncus effusus

 

Soft shield fern

Polystitchum setiferum

 

Southern wood-rush

Luzula forsteri

 

Spear thistle

Cirsium vulgare

 

Spiked sedge

Carex spicata

 

Common Name

Latin Name

 
 

Spring sedge

Carex caryophyllea

 

Square-stalked St John’s-wort

Hypericum tetrapterum

 

Square-stalked willowherb

Epilobium tetragonum

 

Stinking iris

Iris foetidissima

 

Sweet vernal-grass

Anthoxanthum odoratum

 

Sweet violet

Viola odorata

 

Tansy

Chrysanthemum vulgare

 

Teasel

Dipsacus fullonum

 

Three-veined sandwort

Moehringia trinervia

 

Thyme-leaved speedwell

Veronica serpyllifolia

 

Timothy

Phleum pratense

 

Toad rush

Juncus bufonius

 

Toothwort

Lathraea squamaria

 

Tor-grass

Brachypodium pinnatum

 

Tormentil

Potentilla erecta

 

Trailing St John’s-wort

Hypericum humifusum

 

Traveller’s-joy

Clematis vitalba

 

Trifid bur-marigold

Bidens tripartita

 

Tufted hair-grass

Deschampsia cespitosa

 

Tufted vetch

Vicia cracca

 

Tutsan

Hypericum androsaemum

 

Upright brome

Bromus erectus

 

Upright hedge-parsley

Torilis japonica

 

Violet species

Viola spp.

 

Wall lettuce

Mycelis muralis

 

Wall rue

Asplenium ruta-muraria

 

Wall speedwell

Veronica arvensis

 

Water chickweed

Myosoton aquaticum

 

Water figwort

Scrophularia nodosa

 

Water forget-me-not

Myosotis scorpioides

 

Water mint

Mentha aquatica

 

Water-pepper

Polygonum hydropiper

 

Wavy bitter-cress

Cardamine flexuosa

 

Common Name

Latin Name

 
 

Wavy hair-grass

Deschampsia flexuosa

 

Western polypody

Polypodium interjectum

 

White bryony

Bryonia dioica

 

White campion

Silene alba

 

White clover

Trifolium repens

 

White dead-nettle

Lamium album

 

White helleborine

Cephalanthera damasonium

 

Wild angelica

Angelica sylvestris

 

Wild basil

Clinopodium vulgare

 

Wild hop

Humulus lupulus

 

Wild thyme

Thymus drucei

 

Wild strawberry

Fragaria vesca

 

Winter heliotrope

Petasites fragrans

 

Woodruff

Galium odoratum

 

Wood-sorrel

Oxalis acetosella

 

Wood anemone

Anemone nemorosa

 

Wood avens

Geum rivale

 

Wood dock

Rumex sanguineus

 

Wood forget-me-not

Myosotis sylvatica

 

Wood meadow-grass

Poa nemoralis

 

Wood mellick

Melica uniflora

 

Wood millet

Milium effusum

 

Wood sage

Teucrium scorodonia

 

Wood sedge

Carex sylvatica

 

Wood speedwell

Veronica montana

 

Wood spurge

Euphorbia amygdaloides

 

Wood vetch

Vicia sylvatica

 

Yarrow

Achillea millefolium

 

Yellow-wort

Blackstonia perfoliata

 

Yellow archangel

Lamiastrum galeobdolon

 

Yellow loosestrife

Lysimachia vulgaris

 

Yellow oat-grass

Trisetum flavescens

 

Yellow pimpernel

Lysimachia nemorum

 

Common Name

Latin Name

 
 

Yellow rattle

Rhinanthus minor

 

Yorkshire fog

Holcus lanatus

 

 

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